The bones of the back are called vertebra. There are a total of 32 vertebrae in the human body, which run from the base of the head till the tail bone (just above the opening for passage of faeces). These are divided into five sections –
These include –
Detailed medical history and physical examination is carried out before ordering investigations. Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
Depending upon the symptoms, presence of absence of weakness in limbs, cause and type of fracture different treatments shall be proferred to you. The different modalities include –
A neck fracture is a break in one or more of the seven cervical bones. The vertebrae are the bones that make up the spine. Neck fracture may cause - severe pain, swelling and possible bruising, decreased feeling in the arms or legs and muscle weakness or paralysis of the arms or legs.
It is important to recognize the possibility of a neck fracture. A neck fracture is very serious and can lead to paralysis or possibly death. A person with a neck injury should not be moved without competent medical care, which is needed immediately.
A coccyx fracture is a broken tailbone. The coccyx is the lowest part of the backbone or spine. It is small and shaped like a triangle. The bone curves gently from the end of the spine into the pelvis. Coccyx fractures are more common in women. Risk factors that may increase your chance of a coccyx fracture include - advancing age, Osteoporosis, abnormal or absent menstrual cycles leading to bone mineral loss, menopause, decreased muscle mass, participating in certain activities, such as skating or contact sports that may lead to falls in a seated position and Violence.
Pain that increases with sitting or getting up from a chair or hard surfaces, pain that increases after driving especially bumpy rides, pain that increases during a bowel movement and tenderness over the tailbone are the symptoms of coccyx fracture. Treatment includes rest to coccyx by using air cushions, ice fomentation and medications. If the pain becomes resistant to treatment or does not abate then surgical excision of the fractured coccyx may be done to relieve symptoms.