Bone cancer is an uncommon cancer that begins in a bone. The term "bone cancer" doesn't include cancers that begin elsewhere in the body and spread (metastasize) to the bone.
Most commonly affected sites are:
Bone cancer is often treated by a team of specialists comprising –
The goal of surgery is to remove the entire bone cancer. To accomplish this, doctors remove the tumor and a small portion of healthy tissue that surrounds it. Types of surgery used to treat bone cancer include:
Radiation therapy uses high-powered beams of energy, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be used in people with bone cancer that can't be removed with surgery. Radiation therapy may also be used after surgery to kill any cancer cells that may be left behind. For people with advanced bone cancer, radiation therapy may help control signs and symptoms, such as pain.
Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy alone or combined with radiation therapy is often used before surgery to shrink a bone cancer to a more manageable size that allows the surgeon to perform a limb-sparing surgery. Chemotherapy may also be used in people with bone cancer that has spread beyond the bone to other areas of the body.